Moderna bašta predstavlja više od prostora popunjenog travom, cvećem i drvećem. Ona danas poseduje odgovarajuće osvetljenje, infrastructuru za WIFI, telefoniju, sisteme za navdonjavanje i nadzor, daljinsku meteo stanicu idr. U slučaju postojanja bazena imamo i sistema za upravljanje i kontrolu kvaliteta vode kao i osvetljenje samog bazena. Od senzora šti možemo instalirati: spoljašnji senzor temperature, senzor osvetljenosti, detektor kiše, pa čak i već spomenutu meteo stanicu. Svi ovi sistemi mogu biti povezani sa vašim računarom, mobilnim telefonom ili tabletom (era Interneta stvari – IoF Internet of Things) stigla je i u naše bašte.
Sistem za navodnjavanje
Generally gardens can be broken down into three sections: lawn, bedding areas and pots/baskets/planters.
Pop-up sprinklers are used to water lawn areas. These are usually situated in the lawn itself and arranged to overlap. This “head to head” watering ensures that the lawn receives an even amount of water, preventing the grass growing in a patchy fashion.
Although the bedding areas can also be serviced by sprinklers and pop-up sprinklers it is more usual to use micro-jet sprays. These are placed among the planting and provide very direct and economical watering. The jets have a range of up to 3m, can be moved as the planting thickens and are generally hidden from view. Bedding areas may also be watered by dripline, a pipe with pressure compensated emitters delivering uniform coverage.
Pots, baskets and planters are watered by bubblers on 6″ stakes. They have an adjustable range of between 0-30cm. The bubblers are efficient and small enough to easily be hidden.
You can program the Home PAC to irrigate your garden automatically without or in combination with humidity and rain sensors. When you install sensors the program can automatically monitor and control the irrigation of your garden. Specific needs of plants for more or less water can be indicated per sprinkler.
Sistem za osvetljenje bašte
A professionally installed lighting system designed specifically for your garden will transform and enhance your evenings forever.
Many of us are spending more and more time in the garden, it really is becoming another room of the house.
Whether dining al fresco with friends and family or simply enjoying a glass of wine after work, your garden will become a tranquil haven in which to relax.
Our systems are not only stylish, durable and weather-resistant, they’re safe. A 12 volt system ensures that children and pets are never in danger – even if a cable is cut. We offer high quality products with copper, stainless steel or marine brass fittings.
Data from your pool management system can be trasferred to the Home PAC.
Pool illumination can be started, dimmed, and shut down automatically from any place using the Home PAC. In the garden you can use a Infra Red remote control, Indoor you can use the Home PAC touch screen, the internet or the Infra red remote control device to control the lights in and aroudn your pool.
Senzori i detektori za spoljašnju upotrebu
The garden is the place to install external sensors. These sensors will be wireless to avoid the use of cables. All sensors work with 868 Mhz. and are connected by radio signal to the Home PAC
A modern garden has WIFI connectivity, wireless Internet when you want to work in yoru garden or want to relax with online music or games. The Home PAC system has so-called un-managed Internet switch that gets its current from the Internet cable rather than with an (additional) external powersupply. As the Home PAC is permanently connected to the Internet provisions an external Internet switch can be installed to provide multiple Internet connections.
A weather station can be used to collect data from various sensors and detectors such as windspeed, rainfal temperature, air humidity etc. This data can be transferred to the Home PAC and he Home PAC can display the data online or on your Home Screen.
Urbano baštovanstvo (Square foot gardening, Urban gardens, Vertical gardens)
How to Implement Solar Electricity
As discussed in Step 1, there are several different applications for PV systems. Which system is right for you depends on your particular situation and RE goals. Due to available incentive programs and the simplistic nature of batteryless grid-tied PV systems, they are the most common type of system installed in the United States today. Here is a checklist to see if this type of system might work for you:
- Interested in clean power? Check.
- Already on the grid? Check.
- Infrequent utility outages? Check.
- Have a sunny location to mount PV modules? Check.
If this describes your situation, then a batteryless grid-tied PV system could be the perfect fit. Compared to their off-grid counterparts, batteryless grid- tied systems are simple to understand and design, with only two primary components: PV modules and an inverter that feeds AC electricity back into the electrical system to offset some or all of the electricity otherwise purchased from the utility. These systems are cheaper, easier to install and maintain, and operate more efficiently than battery-based systems of comparable size. Their main drawback is that when the grid goes down, they cannot provide any energy for you to use. If the grid in your area is mostly reliable and outages are infrequent, these systems can offer the best payback for the least price.
The primary goal of a grid-tied PV system is to offset all or some of your electricity usage. Yet the first step in going solar is not sizing the PV system, but reducing electricity usage through conservation and efficiency measures. Once energy-efficiency and conservation measures have been implemented, you’re ready to size a PV system to offset the remaining energy usage. Annual energy use figures can be requested from your utility, and these values can be used to determine the PV array size. However, there are a few other considerations that will impact PV system size. In residential areas especially, a primary constraint to PV array sizing can be the size of the available shade-free mounting area. PV modules can be mounted on a roof, the ground, or a pole (which includes trackers). Regardless of which mounting method is used, the shade-free area, minus clearance needed for maintenance or roof setbacks required by local fire department guidelines, will limit how large the array can be. In the case of roof-mounted systems, typically 50% to 80% of a roof plane will be available for mounting PV modules. Often the most confining consideration is budget. Currently, the cost per installed watt of residential PV systems is well under $5, which includes everything—modules, inverter, disconnects, racking, wire, and conduit to taxes, shipping, installation labor, and permitting. Reducing the cost is the uncapped 30% federal tax credit. Additionally, many individual states, municipalities, and utilities offer rebates that can further offset a PV system’s cost. The Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE; www.dsireusa.org) organizes incentive programs by state and program type, making incentives easy to research.
Off-Grid Systems: Living off the grid is a romantic ambition for some; a practical necessity for others. But whatever your motivation for off-grid living, cutting the electrical umbilical cord from the utility shouldn’t be taken lightly. Before you pull out the calculator, size up the realities and challenges of living off the grid. Designing a stand-alone PV system differs substantially from designing a batteryless grid-direct system. Instead of meeting the home’s annual demand, a stand-alone system must be able to meet energy requirements every day of the year. Determining the home’s daily and seasonal energy usage, along with considering the daily and seasonal availability of the sun, allows designers to estimate the PV array and battery bank size, and charge controller and inverter specifications.